To what extent essay meaning

Generally you are expected to label the diagram and in some cases add a brief explanation or description. Discuss: The term discuss, which appears often in essay questions, directs you to examine, analyze carefully, and present considerations pro and con regarding the problems or items involved.

This type of question calls for a complete and entailed answer. Enumerate: The word enumerate specifies a list or outline form of reply.


In such questions you should recount, one by one, in concise form, the points required. Evaluate: In an evaluation question you are expected to present a careful appraisal of the problem stressing both advantages and limitations. Evaluation implies authoritative and, to a lesser degree, personal appraisal of both contributions and limitations. Explain: In explanatory answers it is imperative that you clarify and interpret the material you present.

In such an answer it is best to state the "how or why," reconcile any differences in opinion or experimental results, and, where possible, state causes. The aim is to make plain the conditions which give rise to whatever you are examining. Illustrate: A question which asks you to illustrate usually requires you to explain or clarify your answer to the problem by presenting a figure, picture, diagram, or concrete example.

Interpret: An interpretation question is similar to one requiring explanation.

Study Guides and Strategies

You are expected to translate, exemplify, solve, or comment upon the subject and usually to give your judgment or reaction to the problem. Justify: When you are instructed to justify your answer you must prove or show grounds for decisions. In such an answer, evidence should be presented in convincing form. List: Listing is similar to enumeration. You are expected in such questions to present an itemized series or tabulation. Such answers should always be given in concise form. If research is biased towards men or women it does not provide a clear view of the behavior that has been studied.

A dominantly male perspective is known as an androcentric bias. The main criterion is that benefits must outweigh costs. But benefits are almost always to humans and costs to animals.

Animal research also raises the issue of extrapolation. It is very important to elaborate on your evaluation. Don't just write a shopping list of brief one or two sentence evaluation points. Instead make sure you expand on your points, remember, quality of evaluation is most important than quantity. Are they positive or negative? Point It is argued that psychoanalytic therapy is only of benefit to an articulate, intelligent, affluent minority. Explain Because psychoanalytic therapy involves talking and gaining insight, and is costly and time-consuming, it is argued that it is only of benefit to an articulate, intelligent, affluent minority.

Evidence suggests psychoanalytic therapy works best if the client is motivated and has a positive attitude. Furthermore, the levels of dependency of depressed clients mean that transference is more likely to develop. If you refer to the procedures and findings of a study, this shows knowledge and understanding. If you comment on what the studies shows, and what it supports and challenges about the theory in question, this shows evaluation.

It is often best to write your introduction when you have finished the main body of the essay, so that you have a good understanding to the topic area. Let the reader know how you will focus your essay by identifying the main themes to be discussed. Introductions are very important as first impressions count and they can create a halo effect in the mind of the lecturer grading your essay.

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If you start off well then you are more likely to be forgiven for the odd mistake later one. So many students either forget to write a conclusion or fail to give it the attention it deserves. Points that unite or embrace several themes can be used to great effect as part of your conclusion. When you have finished the first draft of your essay you must check if it 'flows'. This is an important feature of quality of communication along with spelling and grammar. This means that the paragraphs follow a logical order like the chapters in a novel.

Have a global structure with themes arranged in a way that allows for a logical sequence of ideas. You might want to rearrange cut and paste paragraphs to a different position in your essay if they don't appear to fit in with the essay structure. To improve the flow of your essay make sure the last sentence of one paragraph links to first sentence of the next paragraph.

This will help the essay flow and make it easier to read. Repeating citations unnecessarily disrupts the flow of an essay.

Past questions

The reference section is the list of all the sources cited in the essay in alphabetical order. It is not a bibliography a list of the books you used. If you have been using textbooks this is easy as the references are usually at the back of the book and you can just copy them down. Don't repeat yourself or pad your response. Don't use three adjectives when one will suffice. Write small and succinctly to allow yourself as much space as possible for evidence. Words and phrases that indicate comparative questions include: Compare and contrast - Discuss both similarities compare and differences contrast.

Compare - Oddly, this is the same as above. Contrast - Focus on the differences. You shouldn't move from one idea to another - especially if it's a contrasting idea - unless you indicate this to the reader. Otherwise, moving back and forth between your ideas can be very confusing.

Answering 'To what extent...' essay questions

BP2 should start with a contrast transition. Use specific examples; bland generalities stick out like a sore thumb when you're analyzing one example in the light of another.

Agree or Disagree Essay- Complete IELTS Lesson

Your conclusion is the clincher. In addition to summarizing your body paragraphs, you must explain why the similarities are more important than the differences or vice versa. This is where you show historical judgment. You need to explain why you weighted one set of examples more than another set. The anti-thesis body paragraph i. Why is America largely responsible? Why is Ralph largely absolved of blame?

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This is where you show historical or literary judgment. You need to explain why you weighted one set of arguments more than another.