Ap us history essay questions civil war

Origins of Israel Nation of Israel. First Session Free. The AP US History exam is a complex exam that tests students' content knowledge as well as their command of historical thinking skills. Preparation for this exam is key both in terms of both reviewing content and understanding the mechanics of the exam.

You will have 55 minutes to answer 55 stimulus-based questions. You will have 50 minutes to answer 4 short answer questions that are each divided into distinct tasks. You will be given seven documents to analyze and will be expected to write a thesis-driven essay using evidence from the documents and your knowledge of US History.

You will have a choice between two questions that address the same historical thinking skill. The LEQ is graded based on a six point rubric with slightly different criteria depending on the thinking skill. I think that labeling historical periods with a number is diabolical, but when in Rome Meet Our Contributors.


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Many thanks to the teachers whose work has made this review experience possible! Keith Hughes HipHughes History.

Keith Hughes is an educator, youtuber and innovator in the field of technology and education. He was recently named a California Teacher of the Year. This is also his website so if this is your first time here, feel free to look around. Encounter, Exploration, and Early Settlement.

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Native American Cultures My lecture on Native American cultures is helpful in examining the cultures of the major tribal groups that dominated North America prior to European settlement. I've posted video lectures on New Spain, New France, New Netherland, and the Thirteen colonies for students seeking to review the history of the earliest European settlements in North America.

Colonial America The period from focuses primarily on the development of the Thirteen Colonies.


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Check out my review of the Thirteen Colonies, a period summary from Jocz Productions , and a short introduction to Deism, the religion of the Enlightenment. Period Summary by JoczProductions. The First Great Awakening was a religious revival that swept through the English speaking world in the midth century.

Click the button below for a helpful "Need to Know" handout! Not everyone in late Colonial America was swept up by the religious revival.

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Some gravitated more toward the rationality of the Enlightenment. Deism was a rational approach to religious thought that rejected "revealed religions" based on divine revelation through sacred texts, focusing on what is apparent about God through experience. The so-called APUSH Period 3 encompasses a period of nearly fifty years in which Americans resisted British taxation policies, won their independence, and created a new nation. Here are some videos that may be helpful while reviewing.

The Age of Jefferson and Jackson There is A LOT of material here and for students preparing for the exam, here are a few snapshots that will help students get a feel for the key events of the so called Period 4. The South was willing to sacrifice diversifying the economy, improving infrastructure, and limiting opportunities for cotton production.

By the time of the Civil War, slaves working these plantations were a commodity of their own, as each represented three-fifths of a person, and they became one third of the South's population. With the South's economic core centered on cotton and slavery, it had become a distinct society from the North. The importance of slavery was a result of a technological development that spurred an economic explosion of the cotton industry, but it didn't stop there.

Years later, another technological advancement, the transcontinental railroad, was at the center of the fate of slaves. In exchange for a northern railroad route, the Kansas-Nebraska Act established popular sovereignty, supporting states' rights, and violent outbreaks over slavery became known as Bleeding Kansas. After the Civil War, the 14th and 15th Amendments guaranteed rights for Black Americans, but almost years later, the Voting Rights Act of was passed during the Civil Rights Movement to ensure those rights.

These aftereffects of the cotton gin were not in full effect until decades after Eli Whitney's patent, but the historical ramifications are clear in hindsight. The invention spurred economic changes that led to the rise of Southern slavery, an institution that was one of the primary causes of the Civil War, and had lasting influences on American race relations long afterward.

Prior to the invention of the cotton gin, tobacco and rice were the main cash crops in the American South, and they were relatively small industries.

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After the invention of the cotton gin, cotton took over the Southern economy, turning the region into the wealthiest agricultural center in the world. So, the increase in cotton growth increased the importance of slavery, over which the Civil War was fought. Cotton was difficult to harvest by hand, but the cotton gin allowed for it to be harvested by machine. The mechanical reaper, invented in the United States in the early s, also took tiring work and made it more efficient, but the cotton gin, specifically targeting one crop, made a much bigger impact.

Once farmers started using the cotton gin, it became much more profitable to grow this crop. Using slave labor, it was now possible to produce and export a massive amount of cotton. The South became wealthy from cotton production during the mids. Cotton was used for textile manufacturing, and there was a high demand for cotton in the North as well as overseas. Small family farms were combined into huge plantations. As cotton farming grew into a big industry, Southern states needed more slaves to keep the production going. Slavery became one of the main features of Southern society.

By the Civil War, slaves were one third of the South's population.

The cotton gin eventually had profound consequences for American history. Slavery became so important that there were now distinct "free" and "slave" states, divided between the North and the South, as established by the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of But states' rights became an issue as well, and with the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the idea of popular sovereignty gave the power to the states to decide if they'd be a "free" or "slave" state. By appeasing the southern states, a northern route for another technological development, the transcontinental railroad was planned.

Bleeding Kansas was the term for the violence that broke out over the fight over slavery and states' versus federal rights. The Civil War was fought because the South wanted to preserve the economic system of slavery and exports and prevent greater competition with the North. So, the invention of the cotton gin allowed for slavery to become extremely important, which caused a rift in American society.

College AP United States History

The invention of the cotton gin was a major turning point in history because it allowed for a significant rise in slavery in America. The rift over slavery was one of the main causes of the Civil War. The cotton industry made the American South wealthy by , when it produced three-quarters of the world cotton trade. A lot of cotton was exported to the North, which was a major center for manufacturing textiles. The Southern economy, much of the Northern textile mills, and England, were dependent on cotton. Of course, cotton was dependent on slaves.

To work massive plantations, Southern landowners purchased millions of slaves, until the number of slaves was one-third the population of the South. Even though Congress had outlawed importing slaves since , the number of slaves increased until the whole economy was basically dependent on slave labor. By the s, slavery was a major division in American society. The North and the South were divided as free states and slave states, largely because the warmer South was where cotton growing took place. As the U. The tension ultimately led to the Civil War, which didn't end race tensions, as the Civil Rights Movement took place nearly years later, and African Americans weren't necessarily guaranteed the right to vote until the Voting Rights Act of